General Outlook

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
MINISTRY OF TRADE
GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF FREE ZONES, OVERSEAS INVESTMENT AND SERVICES

Definition of Free Zone

In general, free zones are defined as special sites within the country that are deemed to be outside of the customs territory.  Free Zones are also defined as fenced-in areas in which special regulatory treatment exists for the operating users in order to promote exports of goods and services. Free zones offer more convenient and flexible business climate in order to increase trade volume and export for some industrial and commercial activities as compared to the other parts of country. With the aim of increasing and promoting export-oriented investment and production, 18 free zones have become operational since 1985.

Basic Objectives of Foundation of Free Zones:
  • Promoting export oriented investment and production.
  • Accelerating foreign direct investment and technology access.
  • Directing enterprises towards export.
  • Developing international trade.
Activities in Turkish Free Zones

In general, all kind of activities can be performed in Turkish Free Zones such as:

  • Manufacturing,
  • Research and Development (R&D),
  • Software,
  • General trading,
  • Storing,
  • Packing,
  • Banking and insurance,
  • Assembly and disassembly
  • Maintenance services.

Investors are free to construct their own premises, while zones have also available office spaces or warehouses on rental basis with attractive terms. All field of activities open to Turkish companies are also open to joint-venture of foreign companies.

Free Zones in Turkey
FREE ZONES IN TURKEY DATE OF EST.
1 MERSIN FREE ZONE 1985
2 ANTALYA FREE ZONE 1985
3 AEGEAN FREE ZONE 1987
4 ISTANBUL ATATURK AIRPORT FREE ZONE 1990
5 TRABZON FREE ZONE 1990
6 ISTANBUL THRACE FREE ZONE 1990
7 ADANA YUMURTALIK FREE ZONE 1992
8 ISTANBUL INDUSTRY & TRADE FREE ZONE 1992
9 SAMSUN FREE ZONE 1995
10 EUROPE FREE ZONE 1996
11 RIZE FREE ZONE 1997
12 KAYSERI FREE ZONE 1997
13 IZMIR FREE ZONE 1997
14 GAZIANTEP FREE ZONE 1998
15 TUBITAK-MRC FREE ZONE 1999
16 DENIZLI FREE ZONE 2000
17 BURSA FREE ZONE 2000
18 KOCAELI FREE ZONE 2000